What is Antioxidant?
Antioxidants can be seen as substances that delay or prevent cell damage by neutralizing the effect of free radicals and oxidative stress.
By definition, free radicals are unstable molecules that can harm body cells. They are termed "unstable" because they lack one electron. To complete their electron structure, they attack healthy cells to obtain their electrons.
They are formed as a byproduct of normal cellular processes, but can also be generated by external factors such as UV radiation, pollution, &. smoking.
On the other hand, oxidative stress is an imbalance between antioxidants and free radicals in the body. Oxidative stress and free radicals can trigger aging and diseases like cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurodegeneration.
Antioxidants neutralize these free radicals by donating some of their own electrons to these unstable molecules. Hence, breaking any chain reaction, they might have caused.